From 1 May 2016, barriers to new swimming and spa pools are required to comply with the Building Code of Australia (BCA). A physical isolation fence must be provided a minimum 1200mm away from any part or the home with the height of the fence no less that 1200mm and with vertical members not greater than 100mm apart. Gates within the fence must be self-closing and self-locking and open out way from the isolation enclosure.
Pre-May 2016 a swimming pool or spas must include, and walls of the home and allocated boundary can be used a part of this isolation, however where there is direct access from the home via a door or window the door and window must be permanently fixed using a device other than a key locking mechanism. Isolation gates must be self-closing and self-locking and open out way from the isolated area.
Prior to 5 November 2001 There is an exemption for a swimming pool or spas installed or approved these do not require a physical isolation fence around the swimming pool or spa itself, the regulations allows walls of the home and boundary dividing fencing to be used a part of this isolation access from openable doors can be used as part of the barrier providing that a door that complies with Australian Standard (AS)1926.1-1993 and there must be a child-resistant doorset and child-resistant openable window both complying with AS 1926.1 (doors self-closing and self-locking and the height of handle installed 1500mm or higher above floor level and windows fitted with devises restricting the opening to no greater than 100mm). Isolation gates must be self-closing and self-locking and open out way from the isolated area.
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Under in Australian Standard AS3000 electrical bonding (earthing) is required to all metal items within arm’s reach (1.250m) of the pool or spas edge (metal items including, but not limited to fencing, gates, light fittings, ladders, diving boards, reinforcing mesh within the pools structure, etc), the earthing is to reduce the risk of electric shock from faults that can occur from water circulating pumps and cleaning equipment.